The use of chemical peels, also known as chemo exfoliation to rejuvenate aging skin is one of the most powerful tools available to all facial plastic surgeons.
The idea of using a chemical agent to resurface the skin to improve appearance dates as far back as antiquity. To beautify the skin, historians have found that Cleopatra and other Egyptian Pharos bathed in sour milk of goats regularly. When George Miller MacKee, a dermatologist, began using phenol treatment for scar tissue of the face, it was the time at the end of the last century of modern era of chemical peeling.
Over the next few decades, it had been popularized by the fur traders and not physicians. Well-kept secrets are those formulas used at that time. By the remarkable results, these chemical peeling gained attention.
Scientific research was carried out finally by plastic surgeons and dermatologists that justify use of chemical peels for cosmetic enhancement of the face. This includes the definition of the indications and limitations of procedures and their improved safety and efficacy.
With several chemical peeling agents categories available, doctors can also apply the formulations in a controlled environment and skin can also be rejuvenated. These products, when used in the technical studies interview, the results seem to be good that they give a better facial skin appearance and also enhances the quality.
The goal of chemical peeling is to remove the predictable uniform thickness of damaged skin. Normal wound healing and skin rejuvenation follow, although complications such as scarring and pigmentation changes are minimal. Re alignment of the building blocks of collagen in the skin after chemical peeling lead to a more consistent look younger.
Phenol and its derivatives,
Trichloro-acetic acid (TCA), and
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) such as glycolic acid are the three of the most commonly used peeling agents.
Lines and wrinkles, Irregular pigmentation, Shallow acne scars, skin damage due to sun, Liver spots and Freckling are some of the skin diseases are greatly improved by the chemical peels.
The characters of sun damaged skin that also greatly benefit from chemical peels are moderate fine or coarse wrinkles, uneven pigmentation, dilated blood vessels and the scaling of the wound. As skinned patients have lesser pigments, they are considered as better candidates than the dark skin. Individuals with excess sagging skin are not ideal candidates for this procedure because chemical peels improve skin quality, but does not take too much skin. For example lifting eyelids, to remove the excess skin cannot be done as chemical peels will only eliminate fine wrinkles.