An Overview Of DNA Paternity Testing

A paternity test is a sure shot technique to determine if an individual is the correct biological father of the child.It is not mandatory for the mother to get involved in such paternity tests, but it is definitely recommended.Such paternity tests are now legalized and have government approval under certain circumstances in several countries across the globe. As a result they are becoming more and more popular.Paternity tests are a great technique to ensure peace of mind in cases where doubt exists with regards to the identity of the father of the child.

With advancements in modern technology, DNA paternity tests have become very much reliable.If the identity of the child and the relationship with his or her father is in doubt, DNA paternity tests have helped directly or indirectly in resolving property disputes.In such cases, the future of the entire family and their internal relationships are at stake, so such paternity tests are preceded with several counseling sessions.Such paternity tests have benefited several families and can also help in resolving child swap issues in hospitals.DNA paternity tests have helped immensely in adoption as well as immigration issues, and have become a pre-requisite in certain legal matters.

DNA paternity testing is a complex process, and hence the cost is slightly on the higher side.DNA samples are collected from possible fathers so that they can be compared with the offspring.The DNA samples are then digested and cut at specific sequence points by mixing them with a special enzyme.The processed DNA sample is then loaded on a gel to separate it as per varying size samples.The corresponding DNA bands are then matched with that of the father.Only the samples of one father would be matching with the DNA bands, and hence this technique helps determine the uniquely existing father-child relationship.

DNA paternity testing is gaining high popularity especially in the US.Every year, more than 200,000 DNA paternity tests are carried out.This is not unusual for a country with 30% single mothers, and 15% of fathers on the record are not the actual biological ones.Father’s name always remains associated with the child. Hence, in such circumstances, paternity test becomes more important.Consequently, most paternity tests are for direct or indirect financial reasons, or for social responsibility.If genetically verified, the father is more likely to provide emotional or financial support the child and mother.Previously, involvement of doctors and lawyers was required, which is now not the case.