FOOD POISONING

Introduction:

Food poisoning is an acute gastroenteritis caused by the consumption of a food material or a drink that contains the pathogenic micro organism or their toxins or poisonous chemicals.Food poisoning is common in hostels,hotels,communal feedings, and festivel seasons.

A group of persons can be affected with same type of symptoms ,and they furnish a history of consumption of a common food before few hours.

Types of food poisoning

1) Bacterial food poisoning:

Here the micro organisms known as bacteria are responsible.The food material might contain the pathogenic bacteriae or their toxin and can be ingested together with the food.

a pair of) Non bacterial food poisoning:

Thanks to the presence of toxic chemicals like fertilizers,insectisides,serious metals and ect.

Since bacterial food poisoning is common it is discussed here.

Bacterial food poisoning:

All bacteria don’t seem to be harmful.There are some pathogenic bacteria that secrete toxins and cause clinical manifestations.These organisms enter {the human body} through food articles or drinks.

How food poisoning occures:

one) Presence of bacteria within the water.

a pair of) The raw materials for the food may contain toxins.

three) Premises where the food is prepared might contain micro organisms or toxins.

4) Food handlers might have some infectious diseases.

five) Some animals like dogs,rats might contaminate the food.

half-dozen) If ready food is kept in the area temperature for a long time and heated once more will make a chance for food poisoning.

7) Purposely some body mixing toxins in the food.

Some common bacterial food poisonings.

1) Salmonella food poisoning:

There are three completely different types of salmonella bacteria.(salmonella typhimurium,salmonella cholera suis,salmonella enteritidis) These bacteria are present in milk, milk products and eggs.  Symptoms of this food poisoning embrace nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.  Fever is also common.

a pair of) Botulism:

This is often the damaging kind of food poisoning caused by clostridium botulinum.   The spores of these organisms are seen in the soil and enters {the human body} through pickles and canned fish ect.Compared to other food poisonings here vomiting and diarrhoea are rare Mainly the nervous system is affected.The symptoms starts with double vision,numbness with weakness.Later there will be paralysis with cardiac and respiratory failure ending in death.

3) Staphylococcal food poisoning:

It’s caused by staphylo coccus aureus. These organisms typically cause skin troubles like boils and eruptions.It causes mastitis in cow.Through the milk and milk merchandise it enders and causes gastroenteritis.There will be vomiting,abdominal cramps with diarrhoea.

4) Closteridium food poisoning:

This is caused by closteridium perfringens.They are gift in stool,soil and water. They enter the body through,meat,meat dishes and egg ect.If food articles are cooked and kept in area temperature for a very long time and heated again before eating will result this food poisoning.Symptoms embrace vomiting ,diarrhoea and abdominal cramps.

5) Bacillus cereus:

The spores of those organisms can survive cooking and causes enteritis.  Diarrhoea and vomiting is common during this infection.

How to analyze food poisoning?

one) Examine every and every person affected.

a pair of) Water sample should be tested.

three) Kitchen, store room and food samples ought to be examined.

4) The cook and food handlers should be questioned and examined.

5) Samples of vomitus and stool of all victims ought to be tested to spot the bacteria.

How to stop food poisoning:-

1) Solely purified water ought to be used.

a pair of) Hygiene ought to be maintained by all persons keeping contact with food.

three) Workers should use masks, cap and gloves during cooking and serving.

4) Sick individuals ought to not come back in reality with food materials.

5) Kitchen and premises ought to be neat and clean.

five) Vessels ought to be washed with soap and hot water.

six) Ought to not keep the prepared food for a very long time in space temperature.

7) All food materials should be kept in closed containers.

8) Animals like dog, cat, rat ect ought to not come back to bear with food materials.

9) Vegetables ought to be washed before cooking.

10) Meat ought to be fresh and ought to be purchased from recognised slaughter house.

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