Many parents these days are asking what is the difference between Aspergers Syndrome and Autism
Here’s a brief explanation of what the main differences are.
Autism is a spectrum disorder – which means that the signs and the severity of symptoms can vary significantly from person to person. It usually begins at a young age and causes delays to regular development of skills.
The main areas in which autism symptoms can be seen are:
Communication – both verbal and non-verbal, such as eye contact, facial expressions and body language.
General Behaviors- repetition of actions, phrases and routines are common as are following strict organization patterns.
Social Behaviors – people with autism struggle with expressing emotions, relating to other peoples emotions and holding conversations. They have a tendency to withdraw from social interaction and can over-react to what we would consider a normal situation.
Physical interaction can also cause problems for an autistic child, they may dislike the feeling of being touched or will only allow themselves to be hugged in a certain way.
People with autism can also display abnormal sensory perception. For example, a normal sound may seem extremely loud and even painful to an autistic child.
Smells may also cause problems with scents that are pleasant to you and I causing those with autism to gag.
Autistic children also tend to favor rigid objects and toys such as metal cars rather than soft toys like teddy bears, some even show pain from touching a stuffed animal.
It is not true that all individuals who develop autism show retardation.
People with Asperger’s Syndrome display autistic characteristics like obsessive behaviors or lack of social and communication skills. And like autism, the severity and level of these symptoms will vary from one person to another.
Asperger’s is also usually noticed at a later age, with social and communication problems less severe than with autism. Verbal IQ is usually higher than physical IQ and clumsiness tends to be more common.
They do not show delayed skills. In fact, one of the symptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome is having a normal IQ. As a result, people with Aspergers Disorder are sometimes called “higher-functioning” autistics.
People with Aspergers usually have good language skills, but their use of language can be awkward and speech patterns can be unusual, without inflection or changes in tone or pitch.
The subtleties of language, such as irony and humor can be lost on someone with Asperger’s and they may struggle to understand how a conversation should flow.
It is hard to generalize ASD ’s, but two main differences between Autism and Asperger’s seem to be:
1. People with Aspergers tend to have a normal or sometimes a high IQ.
2. There will not be a speech delay in people with Aspergers Syndrome.
You can find much more information about diagnosing, controlling and treating Aspergers Syndrome in: The Essential Guide To Asperger’s Syndrome