Activity of the gastrointestinal tracts can vary widely. Established criteria recognize chronic constipation when infrequent bowel movements are three times or fewer per week. However, people who eliminate stool no more than 3 times a week – suffer from chronic constipation. Those, who have to use a lot of energy to evacuate, should start to exercise and take herbal supplements which regulate movement without damaging the flora.
Constipation is one of the most common complaints of many people, especially the elderly. Problems associated with emptying the colon are encountered by large percentage of people. In most cases, it is due to improper lifestyle and health conditions.
* slow peristaltic movement of the bowel
* deprived of water
* difficult and painful defecation
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Constipation in itself is not a disease. It is a sign of inadequate processes in the body. Given the great diversity of diseases that can cause constipation, you need to remember that chronic constipation should not be ignored, especially when a new condition of constipation alternates with reoccurring diarrhea.
The cause of the problems with constipation could be organic disease (such as obstruction of the bowel by polyps, stones, after inflammation narrowing of intestine), which prevent movement of partially digested food in the bowel.
Other causes of chronic constipation could be drugs (such as antidepressants), hormonal disorders (underactive pituitary glands, overactive thyroid), electrolyte disorders, diseases of nerve and muscle.
Diagnosis of constipation includes biochemical tests (e.g. blood test for latent feces), endoscopy (e.g. colonoscopy), visualization, and contrast of the colon or microscopic stretches examination.
Particular attention should be paid to signs of cancer that may cause constipation. Vital symptoms suggesting or indicating the development of cancer is the general malaise, weight loss in a short period of time, the appearance of blood in the stool or feces formed in a narrow ribbon resembling a pencil.
Habits as a cause for constipations
Remember that the thick intestine usually shows peak activity morning. This is the best moment for the body to eliminate, also after getting out of bed rapidly changes position from horizontal into vertical, there is a pressure of feces on the rectum. Unfortunately haste, preparation for work or school, causes reflex inhibition of the body and suspension of elimination. After some time, disruption of the body work makes morning reflex disappears. That is how habit caused constipation change into chronic constipation.
Another reason for problems in elimination is inadequate food. Diet rich in overly large quantities of heavy food, animal fats and carbohydrates in white flour causes constipation. These foods stay in the stomach and intestines for prolonged period of time.
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Medications vs. constipation.
There are many different laxatives. However, one should proceed cautiously with them. Laxative taken from time to time are indicated in acute constipations. They increase the amount of water in the gut contents, easier elimination. Over time, the effectiveness of laxatives decreases and there is a need to increase their dosages. Long-term laxative treatment can cause reverse effects and in time problems may become more serious.
Complications of Chronic Constipation
The persistent constipation can cause various complications. Large bowel inflammation may appear. Chronic condition may create fecal stones causing an intestine ulcer, and in extreme cases obstruction. Long-term constipation fosters the emergence of various diseases of rectum and anus.
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